Biswadeep De: “I’m not just looking, I’m thinking,” he said as he stared at the tree in amazement. Parable of the tree. I borrowed a vision from my poet friend. I want to know what is behind the veil. ” The poet’s name is Rabindranath Tagore. And the name of the man who is eager to know the truth behind the veil is Jagadish Chandra Bose. Big Jagadish of three years. Surprisingly, he too could have won the Nobel Prize three or four years before Rabindranath’s Nobel Prize in 1913. It is not unknown to anyone today that the Nobel Prize awarded to the Italian scientist Guilelmo Marconi in 1909 was actually due to this son of Bengal. What if it really was? Historians may be wondering how much more the pride of the Bengalis as a nation would have increased if the outstanding history of two Bengalis winning the Nobel in just four years had been created. But even ordinary Bengalis will sigh once or twice when they think about it.
But why did Nobel remain elusive in inventing the wireless telegraph? Marconi got the credit instead? The story of which ‘conspiracy’ is hidden behind this groundbreaking chapter in the history of science? Let’s say from the beginning. In 1895, Jagadish Chandra succeeded in using millimeter wavelength frequency technology. That step of research on radio communication still shows direction today. 5G service is going to be launched in the country very soon. The basis of this study is also the success of Jagadish Chandra that day.
[আরও পড়ুন: গলছে বরফ! পয়গম্বর বিতর্কের আবহেই আমিরশাহী যাচ্ছেন মোদি]
He named the device he created Mercury Koherer. It worked with the help of a technology called solid state diode. It was first exhibited in 1899 in the court of the world. Prabir Bandyopadhyay, a satellite and communication engineer and amateur science-historian who later researched this in detail, proved that there was no equivalent of solid state diode technology in the period from 1899 to 1902. And in 1901-02, Marconi’s machine continued to adopt that technology. Surprisingly, Marconi did not make that device himself. It was made by his childhood friend Luigi Solari, an employee of the Italian Navy! However, while claiming the patent, Marconi also mentioned his name first. What a wonderful reward for friendship! However, the application was later amended. There it was admitted to get the device from Solari. But it was also said that Solari was not interested in taking any rights to the device. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.
It is believed that Solari could somehow find out about the device invented by Jagadish Chandra. Then he made it himself and gave it as a gift to Markney. But he made a change. In place of the U-shaped glass tube used by Jagadish Chandra, he used a single pipe in the shape of a straight line. This slight change did not change the way the instrument works. So it is needless to say that it is an imitation of Jagadish Chandra’s Mercury Koherer. Marconi continued to experiment with this device. He also filed a patent application in September 1901. Got it. And in 1909 he won the Nobel Prize.
[আরও পড়ুন: প্রধানমন্ত্রী ঘুরে যাওয়ার পরেই রাস্তায় গর্ত, কাঠগড়ায় কর্ণাটক সরকার]
This is where another question naturally arises. Why didn’t Jagadish Chandra patent his own device? It is better to say before that, not only Marconi or Jagadish Chandra, at the same time other scientists were also working on the same subject. In 1900, the Italian scientist P. Casetli claimed that he had created the Mercury Coherer. It is known that before that, in 1899, the same claim was made by Tomasina and another scientist named Paolo Castelli. None of them even mentioned Jagadish Chandra’s name. The reason is easily conceivable. There is no shortage of sharing the achievements of others in the scientific community. However, after removing them, Marconi skillfully brought himself into the spotlight. But if Jagadish Chandra had taken the patent earlier, then this situation would not have arisen. But why did he not take the patent? In fact, he was the man. He believed that patenting meant limiting knowledge. It is better to keep it open for everyone. Much later, in 1917, when he was asked who the real inventor of radio was, he made it clear that discovery was important, not inventor. Such was the philosophy of the truth-seeking man.
In fact, Jagadish Chandra Bose was a man of the opposite pole of Markney as a man. From physics to biology – he’s just stuck in the ‘hidden veil’ behind the truth. Marconi, on the other hand, is extremely cunning and opportunistic. Mepe Mepe has stepped foot. He has removed other claimants and brought himself in front of the light of propaganda. But still the truth was not suppressed in the end. The world-famous i-Triple E recognizes him as the ‘Father of Radio Science’. Prabir Bandyopadhyay’s research paper was published in the journal of this organization. In January 1996, he proved with a lot of information that the technology of the device used by Marconi belonged to Jagadish Chandra. In 1920, I-Triple E called Markney the “father of radio.” After Prabirbabu’s research, they accepted Jagadish Chandra as the inventor of radio.
If this recognition matched Jagadish Chandra’s lifetime? It can be said that he would not have been so excited. In his book, Unspoken, he wrote, “In 1908, Marconi received a patent for wireless news transmission. A new era has been introduced in the world by his extraordinary perseverance and achievement in the practical advancement of science. The gap in the world has completely closed. ‘ The indifference in this context proves that he was a true devotee. He wanted to understand the mysteries of the universe by following the path of science, not the spiritual path. Establishing the ‘Basu Science Temple’, he said, “What I have established today is a temple, not just a laboratory.” From this statement the character of the speaker becomes clear. It is only natural that people should stay away from the Nobel Prize race. Jagadish Chandra was a worshiper of truth. He did not value anything other than that worship. He did not receive the Nobel. Yet to the Bengalis, to the science-conscious people all over the world, his brilliance will be everlasting.
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